Empires: Rise and Fall

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Throughout history, empires have risen to claim and control large swaths of territory, ruling peoples under a single sovereign authority. Inevitably, the baton of power is passed onto the next contender. Here, ASIAN Geographic maps the great power monopolies from East to West.

Roman empire

Famous Ruler:

Nero

70 million people

5,000,000 square

kilometres

Political Peak: 117CE

Ottoman Empire

Famous Ruler:

Sultan Suleiman I

35 million people

5,200,000 square

kilometres

Political Peak: 1540

Spanish Empire

Famous Ruler:

King Philip II

68 million people

19,400,000 square

kilometres

Political Peak: 1500s

Portuguese

Empire

Famous Ruler:

King John II

Unknown number of

people

10,400,000 square

kilometres

Political Peak: 1570

British Empire

Famous Ruler:

Queen Victoria

533 million people

33,670,000 square

kilometres

Political Peak: 1921

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Ancient

Egyptian Empire

Famous Ruler:

Cleopatra

1–2 million people

1,000,000 square

kilometres

Political Peak:

1250BCE

Achaemenid

Empire (First

Persian Empire)

Famous Ruler:

Xerxes I

50 million people

8,500,000 square

kilometres

Political Peak:

480BCE

Umayyad

Caliphate

Famous Ruler:

Abd al-Malik

62 million people

15,000,000 square

kilometres

Political Peak: 690

Mongol Empire

Famous Ruler:

Genghis Khan

110 million people

33,000,000 square

kilometres

Political Peak: 1279

Russian Empire

Famous Ruler:

Peter the Great

176 million people

22,800,000 square

kilometres

Political Peak: 1866

Check out the rest of this article in Asian Geographic No.126 Issue 4/2017 here or download a digital copy here

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